Address water issues in a systemic way, in order to ensure access for all (under acceptable sanitary conditions) and ensure sustainable management of the resource.
Photolanguage and mindmapping methods
- Divided students into groups of 3 or 4. Each group has a set of photos representing an aspect of water management. They describe the set of photos and what it says about water. Possible examples of photos:
- usages of water (religious ceremonies, irrigation in the desert, tourism, luxury swimming-pools, etc.);
- access to water and sanitation (person having to walk far away to get water/running water, water scarcity for humans and animals / area with a golf course irrigated regularly, public toilets/absence of toilets etc.);
- impact of human activity on humans and the environment (dying fish in a river with industries in the background, dried out rivers, health problem due to polluted waters, conflicts, dried out wells, etc.);
- indirect use of water (clothing store and shrinking Aral Sea, drought in Spain and strawberry consumption in winter in Switzerland, etc.)
- governance issues (privatization of water by companies, well construction campaigns leading to overconsumption of the underground waters, construction of a water distribution infrastructure, etc.).
- In plenary, the teacher draws a mind-map with what students have identified. Links between different parts of the mindmap are drawn and discussed.
- Discuss unsustainable features in the system. Use one colour to identify unsustainable features.
- Discuss what action could take place in order to make the situation improve. Another color is used to point this out.