Modelling: Ask learners to discuss a problem and construct a model to show futuristic sustainable solutions to the problem. (e.g. Autonomous flying Microrobots: RoboBees)
Research activity (Exploring the past for a sustainable future / Lessons from the past for a sustainable future). Short description: Identify an SD issue that is of interest to the learners and ask them to explore through literature, the media, and/ or other qualitative research methods the practices followed in the ancient times, in the recent past and nowadays. Finally ask learners to project into future practice and imagine how this practice may change. Discuss the sustainability dimensions of each possible future scenario.
Greening of cities (problem solving): How an overpopulated city where only 4m of green corresponds to each citizen, can increase green spaces to 15m2 per citizen which is the recommended space of green for ensuring better quality of life? Elaborate future senarios that present different solutions and how these might be considered from different perspectives. Different techniques and methods that can be used for problem solving include research, simulations, survey, modelling etc.