- Technique used: Group work
- Materials required: Handout (see below), flipchart paper, marker pens
- Aim of activity: To encourage students to consider different ways in which people might particpate
- Underpinning components: UC 9.1
- Connection with other competences: Empathy
Each group is given the following and are asked to show the participation of those involved in some way on a flipchart.
“Ali Wandaha had been very ill for a number of weeks so it was not a great surprise when he passed away late one Thursday evening. Nevertheless, the loss of her son was a devastating blow to Ali’s mother, the widow Mariamu. Her cries were heard throughout the night and a number of neighbours came to join her in the lament.
The next day, according to custom, Ali would be buried in the family compound and a feast would be provided for the mourners. At first light a neighbour’s boy was sent to Wafula, the coffin-maker who had already prepared the casket for Ali’s burial. A few of the neighbouring women assisted her in preparing the food while boys and girls were sent to spread the news to family and friends throughout the parish and outlying villages. By mid-day one or two of the women had taken on the role of comforting Mariamu who was almost incapable with grief.
A large number of people gathered for the funeral, an old Sheikh was called in to officiate while many of the village men, young and old, took a hand in bearing the coffin to the grave site.
Three of Ali’s relations sent messages that they were unable to attend the funeral but sent money to help cover the expenses, one uncle did not send anything but a message. Some people arrived late and left as soon as the food had been served and eaten while others remained to assist in the clearing up. Many of the women who had cooked helped to clean up after the guests had gone home.
Two women remained with Mariamu throughout the following night.”
Groups share and discuss their representations of participation.
In the discussion be sure to draw out different qualities (and purposes) of participation as well differing quantities or degrees of participation.